Category Archives: E. Coli

Yeast and E. coli Growth: What’s next?

There are several things I can do with the yeast experiments:

  • Another but longer time trial experiment (data every hour)
  • Time Trials in larger quantities: maybe 100ml or 50ml – I want to see if the growth in such small volumes affects the measurements any
  • Adapt yeast to D2O and then grow in DDW – I’ll have to do cultures daily in D2O and see if they begin to grow faster in D2O over time. I’m thinking this will let me know they’ve adapted to their environment. I can also try to grow cultures in less D2O (like 10%) and incrementally increase it over time to see if that causes adaptation. Both methods seem viable.

I’m open to suggestions as to what to do next as well.

As for E. coli, those experiments are very inconclusive even in 99% D2O and I wouldn’t have the foggiest as to how to deal with this. Suggestions would be much appreciated here. Ayuda me!

A cool figure I forgot to share: E. Coli growth in Water

the e.coli data reimagined in illustrator

I made this figure for my rockethub proposal and forgot to post it here in my notebook. Look how pretty it is!

I made this in Adobe Illustrator and if anyone is interested I would be willing to host an online workshop to teach others how to use Illustrator for science. This particular image took almost no time (maybe 30 minutes), which is a marvel because I obsess over everything I do in Illustrator (which is why there isn’t anything tangibly Illustrator on this site).

Timeline for the next two weeks

To be completely transparent, currently I am not working on research for my #SciFund challenge proposal. The reason for this is because I am working on an IGERT proposal (which I openly published yesterday). There is a preproposal competition within UNM to pick the very best IGERT proposal to send to the NSF. Preproposals are due May 10 (next Thursday!).

So I am doing my very best to write a killer proposal to bring open science education to students here at UNM and even in other institutions.

Unfortunately on May 9th I will be going on travel (Portland, Oregon) and will return May 14. At that point I will continue my experiments of E. coli and Yeast growth in different water types.

I just received my yeast order from and will be beginning the experiments with this new yeast (strain information to be posted next week).

Feel free to check out my updates to the proposal every day until the 10th, and if you have a desire to collaborate on this proposal and program contact me! After all open science isn’t about hoarding information and it shouldn’t be about hoarding grants either.

E. coli growth in different water types data

Via figshare:
E. Coli Growth in DI, DDW, D2O, 30% D2O, and 60% D2O. Anthony Salvagno. Figshare.
Retrieved 23:35, Apr 27, 2012 (GMT)

I’ll post some interpretations here later…

24h e. coli growth in di, ddw, d2o, 30% d2o, and 60% d2o results

24h Growth of E. coli in D2O, DDW, DI, 30% D2O, and 60% D2O. Anthony Salvagno. Figshare.
Retrieved 19:23, Apr 27, 2012 (GMT)

E. coli growth in different water types: Methods

Today I’ll be taking time points of the e. coli growth every hour in LB suspended in DI, DDW, D2O, 30% D2O, and 60% D2O. I’m going to follow my protocol from yesterday, where I blank for the water type, before I measure the absorption for that water type.

  • This morning I recorded the values from the starter cultures
  • Then I diluted 1ml of each culture in 9ml of it’s respective water type (so 1ml of culture from LB-DI goes into 9ml of LB-DI, 1ml of culture from LB-30% D2O goes into 9ml of LB-30% D2O, etc).
  • Next I measured 500ul of each sample in the nanodrop.
    • Blanked for water types DI, DDW, and D2O. The readings for the blank 30% D2O and 60% D2O were pretty close to the reading for 99% D2O, so I used the 99% D2O sample as the blank for these two cultures.
  • Results will be up on figshare later, but I’ll put the starter culture results up now.

I’m not sure what to think about the values for the overnight growth. E. coli grew in 99% D2O, which was rather surprising. Maybe it isn’t. All there needs is to be 1 cell that grows and then there will be a colony. This makes me think that growing e. coli in 99% D2O and switching that colony to DDW wouldn’t reveal too much. I may have to do multiple generations of growth in D2O before I switch growing medium to make sure the colony is fully adapted to life in D2O.

Also that makes me think that my setup from yesterday wasn’t so optimal. Perhaps by growing cells in each water type initially, I’ve just insured that they will all grow at the same rate and there will be nothing to reveal here. Hmmm, I’ll have to think about this. I feel like I’m trying to trick e. coli, but it somehow is outsmarting me.

No sir, I don’t like it…

DDW and 30% D2O starter culture analysis

Data on figshare:

24 hour growth of e. coli in DDW and D2O. Anthony Salvagno. Figshare.
Retrieved 22:57, Apr 26, 2012 (GMT)



  • So I mentioned several times that these cultures aren’t optimal, which is why I resetup the experiment today. But I did get some interesting results.
  • The absorption readings on the nanodrop were:
    • 30% D2O – 0.782
    • 99% DDW – 1.239
  • So the growth over 24 hours in 30% D2O was ~63% less.
  • Interestingly the number in 30% D2O is similar to yesterday’s time sampling data, both in number and consistency. The D2O sample reached 0.7 the fastest, but started to decline at that point, whereas the other samples continue to increase.
  • My data collection technique may be a bit weird to those looking at the raw data.
    • I analyzed samples of lb-water (where water is the water type of the lb media) to see how much difference in the absorption spectrum there were between the water types. There wasn’t much difference except from the DI sample, which had a much larger absorption reading than the other 4 readings.
    • I also blanked the nanodrop of each water type before measuring that water type. Example: I would insert the LB-DDW and blank it, and then measure the culture labeled DDW. Same went for the 30% D2O sample.
    • I did one measurement of the DDW sample after blanking in LB-DI to compare to the LB-DDW blank reading. The comparison is off by about as much as the absorbance of the LB-DDW and LB-DI which is a 0.017 difference.
  • All that leads me to think that for some reason growth in D2O isn’t slower, but has a peak meaning for some reason the media can only sustain so much culture after a while. Tomorrow I’ll try for a longer time series study to see if the decline is real or if that was some weird glitch that happened.